Self disclosure

Research, Theory, and Practice London: I imagine that we have all been in a situation where we said more about ourselves to a stranger than we normally would.

The Internet gives the ability to interact with people Self disclosure over the world and the chance to meet people who have similar interests that one may not have met in their offline life.

Partners learn a shared communication system, and disclosures are a large part of building that system, which has been found to be very beneficial in highly satisfying relationships.

Disclosure increases with the need to reduce uncertainty in a relationship. The breadth of disclosure decreases with decreasing intimacy as originally predicted, but couples actually disclose more deeply.

Situational reasons for not disclosing include the person being unavailable, a lack of time to fully discuss the information, or the lack of a suitable i. Disclosure tends to be incremental. Disclosure begins on the outer layer and proceeds to the core of the onion.

Social exchange Self disclosure explains that people attempt to maintain equality in self-disclosure because an imbalance in this makes them uncomfortable.

If the person reacts favorably to our disclosures and reciprocates disclosure, then the cycle of disclosure continues and a deeper relationship may be forged.

Research has shown that individuals are more willing to disclose in groups of two than in larger groups and are more willing to disclose in a group of three rather than four.

Interpersonal reasons for not disclosing include fear of losing the relationship or deeming the information irrelevant to the particular relationship. The amount of information that is openly known to others varies based on relational context. This, however, does not play a role in Internet communication.

Interestingly, recent research suggests that the pervasiveness of reality television, much of which includes participants who are very willing to disclose personal information, has led to a general trend among reality television viewers to engage in self-disclosure through other mediated means such as blogging and video sharing.

Explain how self-disclosure affects relationships. Disclosure may include sharing both high-risk and low-risk information as well as personal experiences, ideas and attitudes, feelings and values, past facts and life stories, and even future hopes, dreams, ambitions, and goals.

Intimacy will not develop if only one partner discloses and the other continues to reveal only superficial information. My Parents Joined Facebook.


They reported doing so to receive attention for having inside information or to demonstrate their power or connection. This type of awareness can lead to evaluation apprehension, where a person fears receiving a negative evaluation from their peers.

At a job interview? Someone may ask you a direct question or disclose personal information, which leads you to reciprocate disclosure. An individual self-discloses, the recipient of the disclosure reacts, and the original discloser processes the reaction. If the person reacts negatively, you may feel uncomfortable, pressured to stay, or even fearful.

Cambridge University Press,— As a way of visualizing this process, Altman and Taylor use the metaphor of an onion and its layers of rings. We want to make ourselves open to others, through self-disclosure, but we also want to maintain a sense of privacy.

This differs from equivalent reciprocity, which matches the level of intimacy, while covariant reciprocity only focuses on whether someone disclosed something personal or not.

To discover the unknown, we have to get out of our comfort zones and try new things. If someone unexpectedly discloses, you may feel the need to reciprocate by also disclosing something personal. They can know it, really know it, only as I make it known. This process, in the writings of Altman and Taylor, is possible only after an established intimacy and closeness.

Sources and Additional Information: Seuss books, or enjoys listening to musicals - seems to trigger the brain circuits that respond to rewards such as food and money. High self-monitors tend to behave in a friendlier and extroverted manner in order to be well liked by peers.

Interpersonal Communication, Relations, and Compatibility Living in the society involves multiple interactions with other people, some short-term and unimportant, others — critical for our life and career.Jul 11,  · Through my self-disclosure, I let other know my soul.

They can know it, really know it, only as I make it known. In fact, I am beginning to suspect that I can't even know my own soul except as I. the process by which one person lets his or her inner being, thoughts, and emotions be known to another.


It is important for psychological growth in individual and group psychotherapy. Theories of Self-Disclosure. Social penetration theory states that as we get to know someone, we engage in a reciprocal process of self-disclosure that changes in breadth and depth and affects how a relationship develops.

Depth refers to how personal or sensitive the information is, and breadth refers to the range of topics discussed (Greene, Derlega, & Mathews, ).

Theories of Self-Disclosure. Social penetration theory Theory that states we engage in a reciprocal process of self-disclosure that changes in breadth and depth and affects how a relationship progresses.


states that as we get to know someone, we engage in a reciprocal process of self-disclosure that changes in breadth and depth and affects how a relationship develops. But the self-disclosure of Major Milroy's domestic position had not reached its end yet.

Self disclosure
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