Had this basic requirement been well understood it is difficult to conceive that they would have undertaken a war of limited objectives in the first place. For the first time, the few Japanese who had all the facts at their disposal appreciated the seriousness of the situation.
In the first phase the enemy, collecting their best forces—including 13—15 tank divisions and with the support of a large number of aircraft—will strike Kursk with their Kromskom-Orel grouping from the north-east and their Belgorod-Kharkov grouping from the south-east It was accepted that the lack of coordination would diminish the impact of the American attacks and increase their casualties, but Spruance calculated that this was worthwhile, since keeping the Japanese under aerial attack impaired their ability to launch a counterstrike Japanese tactics preferred fully constituted attacksand he gambled that he would find Nagumo with his flight decks at their most vulnerable.
Their losses were catastrophic, while the results which they were achieving were negligible. Most of the island atolls were too small to support the necessary air fields, and in New Guinea, the Solomons and the Marianas, logistic, air field construction and ferrying problems made such concentration impossible.
Accomplishment of such a program would cut off the line of communication between Australia and the United States, reduce the threat from Alaska, Page 4 and deny the United States all major staging areas more advanced than Pearl Harbor.
In the Southwest Pacific, it often proved possible to effect landings at lightly held positions, and thus bypass large bodies of enemy ground forces.
The Japanese gained air superiority in Burma with the loss of planes and, with troops specially trained for jungle fighting, occupied that area at a cost of 7, soldiers killed.
This information enabled us to concentrate at the appropriate point two of our four carriers then available in the Pacific one had come to the Pacific from the Atlantic, but two were returning from the Doolittle raid on Tokyoand to sink the Shoho by torpedo-plane and dive-bomber attack.
Physical damage to plant installations by either area or precision attacks, plus decreases due to dispersal forced by the threat of further physical damage, reduced physical productive capacity by roughly the following percentages of pre-attack plant capacity: Fletcher, in overall command aboard Yorktown, and benefiting from PBY sighting reports from the early morning, ordered Spruance to launch against the Japanese as soon as was practical, while initially holding Yorktown in reserve in case any other Japanese carriers were found.
Where possible these conflicts have been resolved. Damage to local transport facilities, however, seriously disrupted the movement of supplies within and between cities, thereby hindering production, repair work and dispersal operations.
United States aircraft production and pilot training exceeded the Japanese totals by wide margins, but only a portion of this strength could be deployed to the Pacific. Again only weaker forces were available to the United States three carriers, the Enterprise, Yorktown, and Hornet, the only ones available for combat action in the Pacific at that time, were rushed to the attack.
Construction of industrial facilities in these years assumed -- for the Japanese conditions -- gigantic proportions. Had this industry not been mortally wounded by shipping attack and had its destruction by bombing been called for, the effectiveness of the few strategic bombing attacks directed against the steel industry indicates that destruction of the principal plants by bombing or paralysis of the industry by disruption of railroad transportation would have been possible, but only at a later date.
The Japanese paid far less attention than we did to the protection, husbanding and replacement of their trained pilots, and were seriously hampered in their training program by a growing shortage of aviation gasoline.
Deprived of its carriers the Japanese Fleet was forced to retire despite its preponderance in heavy ship strength.Battle of Kursk; Part of the Eastern Front of World War II: 2nd SS Panzer Division soldiers, Tiger I tank, in June just before the battle.
page i. united states strategic bombing survey summary report (pacific war) washington, d.c. 1 july united states government printing office washington: Obituary (FL): Edgar Hamilton Gibbons Jr.
'44 Edgar H. Gibbons, Jr. "Gib", 96, of Ormond Beach, FL, passed away on August 20, after a short illness. The Battle of Midway was a decisive naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II which occurred between 4 and 7 Juneonly six months after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor and one month after the Battle of the Coral Sea.
The United States Navy under Admirals Chester Nimitz, Frank Jack Fletcher, and Raymond A. Spruance defeated an attacking fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy under. News on Japan, Business News, Opinion, Sports, Entertainment and More.Download